Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to damage to the brain caused by external physical force. It is the leading cause of long-term disability in young adults. Approximately 1.5 million Americans survive brain injuries each year, and an estimated 70,000 to 90,000 of these survivors are left with long-term impairments that interfere with their psychosocial adjustment… Continue reading Traumatic Brain Injury

Physical Activity Counseling

Lack of regular physical activity poses a health risk, but for many people, becoming more active is a difficult goal to achieve. Physical activity counseling offers a method of helping individuals increase their physical activity levels. It adopts a person-centered approach to help individuals find ways that physical activity can be included in everyday life.… Continue reading Physical Activity Counseling

Persons with Disabilities

Counseling interventions are considered a resource to support full functioning and participation of people with disabilities in their communities or specified environments of choice. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) considers disability to result from a person with a health condition’s interaction with his or her environment where… Continue reading Persons with Disabilities

Medication Adherence

The phrase medication adherence refers to the extent to which persons given a pharmacologic treatment actually use it in the way the prescribing clinician intends, for example, taking an antibiotic twice every day with a 12-hour interval between doses. Medication adherence is a complex phenomenon related to characteristics of the person using the medication, his… Continue reading Medication Adherence

Low-Incidence Disabilities

Definitions of disabilities categorized as low-incidence vary in scope. Broadly defined, low-incidence disabilities refer to a visual impairment or hearing loss, deaf-blindness, and significant cognitive impairment. For children, the definition extends to any impairment that requires individualized intervention services provided by professionals with highly specialized skills and knowledge in order for the child to benefit… Continue reading Low-Incidence Disabilities