Transfer of Learning

In  sport,  transfer  of  learning  is  generally  defined as  the  influence  of  previous  experience  of  performing  a  skill  on  the  learning  of  a  new  skill  or on performance of the same skill in a new context. This influence may be positive or negative. Positive transfer  occurs  when  previous  experience  of  performing a skill is beneficial… Continue reading Transfer of Learning

Motor Timing

Timing our actions is something we do thousands of times a day without thinking twice—controlling our eyes to read this text or reaching out to pick up a cup. To understand timing, however, it is first necessary to draw the distinction between the concept of time and timing. Timing is a human-made physical  means  of … Continue reading Motor Timing

Task Constraints

The  importance  of  interacting  personal,  task, and  environmental  constraints  on  the  emergent behaviors  of  individuals,  as  they  assemble  functional states of movement organization in achieving task goals, is well established. Personal (or organismic) constraints include factors such as individual anthropometrics (height, weight, and limb lengths), fitness (strength, aerobic capacity, and flexibility), mental  skills  (concentration,  emotional … Continue reading Task Constraints

Skill Acquisition

Acquisition of skill is a type of learning in which repetition  results  in  enduring  changes  in  an  individual’s capability to perform a specific task. With enough repetition, performance of the task eventually  may  become  automatic,  with  little  need  for conscious  oversight.  Any  behavior  that  needs  to be learned and that is improved by practice can… Continue reading Skill Acquisition

Sensory Systems: Auditory, Tactile, Proprioceptive

Sensory  systems  are  the  peripheral  parts  of  the nervous system responsible for the transformation of  physical  stimuli  into  a  neural  code.  Receptors of  each  sensory  system  are  sensitive  to  a  distinct kind of energy, like the hair cells of the inner ear to  sound  energy  and  the  mechanoreceptors  of the  tactile  system  to  mechanical  energy … Continue reading Sensory Systems: Auditory, Tactile, Proprioceptive