Vision in Sports

Vision is the process of seeing and perceiving the surrounding  environment  by  using  information contained  in  light.  Appropriate  visual  information  is  imperative  for  almost  every  sporting  task to  ensure  that  athletes  are  able  to  monitor  the actions of others, while also perceiving their position in relation to targets, such as balls, nets, and walls,  and  the … Continue reading Vision in Sports

Verbal Protocols

A  verbal  protocol  or  verbal  report  is  a  cognitive task analysis (CTA) technique designed to elicit a verbalizable report of an individual’s thinking during  task  performance.  Verbal  protocols  are  typically elicited by trained researchers as a means to access  information  heeded  (attended)  during  task performance;  this  is  usually  for  the  purpose  of understanding  the  mental … Continue reading Verbal Protocols

Type A and B Personality

Personality  differences  among  individuals  can  be explained  in  relation  to  their  individual  differences in need patterns. Individuals possess various needs—very  basic  ones,  such  as  the  consumption of  food  and  avoidance  of  pain;  and  secondary ones,  such  as  achievement,  affiliation,  and  dominance.  These  primary  and  secondary  needs  have the  potential  to  influence  an  individual’s  pattern of… Continue reading Type A and B Personality

Transtheoretical Model

The  Transtheoretical  Model  of  Behavior  Change (TTM)   was   originally   developed   by   James O. Prochaska and Carlo C. DiClemente for understanding  the  stages  and  processes  of  smoking cessation  and  over  the  past  3  decades  has  been broadly applied for understanding change across a variety of behaviors, including exercise and physical  activity.  The  TTM  was  developed  to … Continue reading Transtheoretical Model

Career Transition

The term transition has been employed in various academic fields to explain a process of changes in a  certain  phenomenon,  such  as  economic,  political,  biological,  and  psychological  changes.  The concept  of  transition  in  psychology  is  closely related  to  individuals’  period  of  change  and  lifespan  development  based  on  one’s  aging  (e.g., retirement),  development  (e.g.,  entering  to … Continue reading Career Transition